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AZERBAIJAN


The Azerbaijan national clothes are closely connected to a history of people. The costume was brightly shown in art embroiders, in weaving and knitting. Azeri weavers delivered to market patterned materials from a wool, cotton, and silk. In middle ages Azeri silk was exported to Genoa, Venice, Syria and Little Asia. The popular upper dress was "arkhalyg" in XVIII-XIX centuries. Men's arkhalyg was up to calf and lower, but women's were up to hip. Women's "arkhalyg"s were richly decorated with embroidery, braids and golden laces. Besides "arkhalyg" women wore upper shirt "ust koynek", "cepken", "bakhary" and others.Upper waist women dress consisted of several skirts tuman, cutbalaq, and chakhchur. We can't imagine azeri women's national costume without head, breast, wrist and belt jewellery. Men's upper national costume consisted of upper skirt, arkhalyg, chukha, and trousers. Arkhalyg was sewed of silk, cashmere, satin and other materials. In winter "kyurk"- fur coat from sheep fur in inner side was worn. It was also decorated with embroidery.
Ulkerphotosazeri men's dress Ulkerphotosazeri women's dress
Ulkerphotoscarpet weaving azeri women in national dress Folk music group in national dress


The national costume of Azerbaijan changed greatly within the 19th-20th centuries. The men's dress of that period was similar to that of all Caucasian nations having some distinctions in cut and decoration. Wide trousers of hand-made cloth, a simple tunic shaped shirt made of coarse calico, cotton or satin caftan called arkhaluk - these are the main elements of peasant wearing. The costume was completed with a papakh (a kind of cap), woolen socks and home-made shoes. Not everyone could own a "chukha" and sheepskin coat for winter wearing, "kyurk". At the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century urban inhabitants used to wear trousers of European style but the rest of the costume remained traditional. The shoes of urban inhabitants in the 19th century were either of ancient style like b ashmaks without a back, with turned-up toes with thick heels, or of European fashion with some local design. Clothing of Azeri women of that period was more unique and distinguished according to social layers and ethnic groups. In the color scale of women 's clothing bright colors prevailed. The main elements of women's clothing contained a short tunic shaped (belt-length) shirt made from calico, cotton, satin, or silk and worn with a long, wide, pleated skirt. The hair was done in a sack-shaped hairdress covered by silken hand made kerchief. Shoes like men's bashmaks were worn with home-made woolen or silk socks. The woman's costume was decorated with jewelry worn on head, neck, chest, hands. In the city a woman did not appear in the street without wearin g the chadra and very often a face was covered with a special veil - rubend. In villages a woman covered the lower part of her face with kerchief. An important item of a woman's costume was a wide, leather belt embroidered with coins and silver buckle.


Baku school #164, Azerbaijan
Coordinator teacher: Ulker

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