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Traditional costumes from the Rousse area

Traditional costume occupies a place of honour in the diverse and unique culture of the population of the Rousse area. It is an aesthetic expression of the natural spirit and bespeaks enviable craftsmanship and skill. The costume of the Rousse ethnographic region falls within the group of the double apron costumes of Northern Bulgaria. Its multiformity and peculiarities, typical of the local population, make it extremely original. Women’s costumes appeared in two main versions. In the Belen region the locals wore the so-called “apron costumes”, named so after the apron, worn at the back, sewn of home made broad cloth, pressed into tiny pleats of dark hue. A basic element in this costume was the “korenka” apron, or the “simenka“ or ”drebenka”. The shirts were with decorative seams. Women’s clothes in the region were characterized by the dark colours in the embroidery, derived from age old tradition. Embroidery was very complicated both as motifs and handwork. Another variety of Rousse costume was the “curly costume”, found predominantly along the delta of the Danube, to the east and the south east of Rousse. The apron at the back, called “kurlyanka”, was of home made black broadcloth, frilled at the waist and richly embroidered down the folds. Of the shirts, the “altitsa” was very popular with its complex patterns at the front and at the shoulders. The embroydery was primarily in orange and crimson, and complemented by blue, green and pink. Men’s clothes were in black. They consisted of full-bottomed breeches with red and blue edging, a shirt open at the front, a red sash, a braided waist-coat and a padded jacket. The fur hats were flat at the top. The various accessories are marked by the signs for age family status and social status.

Maria, Magdalena, Martina
garde 8 D, ELS - Rousse