Traditional costumes from the Rousse area
Traditional costume occupies a place of honour in the diverse and unique
culture of the population of the Rousse area.
It is an aesthetic expression of the natural spirit and bespeaks enviable
craftsmanship and skill. The costume of the Rousse
ethnographic region falls within the group of the double apron costumes of
Northern Bulgaria. Its multiformity and peculiarities,
typical of the local population, make it extremely original.
Women’s costumes appeared in two main versions. In the Belen
region the locals wore the so-called “apron costumes”,
named so after the apron, worn at the back, sewn of home made broad cloth,
pressed into tiny pleats of dark hue. A basic
element in this costume was the “korenka” apron, or the “simenka“ or
”drebenka”. The shirts were with decorative seams.
Women’s clothes in the region were characterized by the dark colours in the
embroidery, derived from age old tradition.
Embroidery was very complicated both as motifs and handwork. Another variety
of Rousse costume was the “curly costume”,
found predominantly along the delta of the Danube, to the east and the south
east of Rousse. The apron at the back, called
“kurlyanka”, was of home made black broadcloth, frilled at the waist and
richly embroidered down the folds. Of the shirts, the
“altitsa” was very popular with its complex patterns at the front and at the
shoulders. The embroydery was primarily in orange
and crimson, and complemented by blue, green and pink.
Men’s clothes were in black. They consisted of full-bottomed
breeches with red and blue edging, a shirt open at the
front, a red sash, a braided waist-coat and a padded jacket. The fur hats
were flat at the top. The various accessories are marked
by the signs for age family status and social status.
Maria, Magdalena, Martina
garde 8 D, ELS - Rousse