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HUNGARY

Hungarian popular costumes

"Not the clothes make the man" - says a Hungarian proverb, but we all know that the dressing is very important. For some people it's a craze or passion, but we all know it very well, that it can determine our appearance and our personality what clothes we put on. It was extremely important in the 18th-19th century, but in some places we can still find them. We can tell from the popular costume where did he/she come from, how old is she or what's his rank.
Let's speak about some popular costumes like this, which we still can find in Hungary. We can see these clothes very often.
Let's take a look at Hollókõ. It's a small village in eastern Hungary. The characteristics of women's costumes in Hollókõ are flower patterned kasmir and silk. But under the wrinkled and ironed under-skirt the girls and women liked to wear olyer. The most expensive clothe is the jerkin and the flashy smock. But on the other hand, the red wetted top-boots were necessary. Men wore beside, broad - and linen - clothes, embroidered aprons. Girls braided their hair with colored or flower patterned ribbon, women wind their hair into bobs.
The clothe of the lowlander men, the sheepskin cloak is especially a Hungarian characteristic. It's made of sheepskin, it's a sleeveless and long cloak. It was the dress of the people who were living and working outdoor peasants, herdsmen and travelers. They wore it with the hair inside in cold weather and with the hair out, against rain and hot. Embroiclered Sunday-best clothes were made as well. They were very expensive.
There are a lot more costumes in the country. Every region has it's own colours and, shapes. It caffes with people's dressing and habits. But now we can still say that they still judge us by our dressing.

Students: Krisztina Macz (maczi@berze.c3.hu), Szabolcs Toth (szabix@berze.c3.hu)
School: Berze Nagy Janos Highschool Gyongyos, Hungary

 



Hungarian Folk in Transsylvania, Romania

Szek is a Hungarian village 60 km from Cluj Napoca (Kolozsvár in Hungarian) in Transsylvania. Almost all of it's inhabitants are Hungarians. They still wear their traditional costumes. In this photo the woman and man are wearing their special costumes for celebrations in church.
The woman is - as always - wearing a black kerchief on her head, there are only some red flowers embroidered in it. She is wearing a white loose-leeved blouse. There is a black fringe kerchief on it and a black buttoned waistcoat on top of it. She is wearing four or five skirts, three of them are white, one is colored and the upper skirt is black and pleated with little red flowers on it. She is wearing an apron, it's a bit different. There are black embroidered boots on her feet. She is wearing a many-rowed red "kalaris", that is made of pearls. The man is wearing a black hat. His shirt is white and loose - sleeved similar to the woman's. He is wearing a black waistcoat with silver buttons on it. He has got an embroided kerchief round his neck. His breeches are black, his boots are also black.

 

Students: Zsuzsa Fekete, Agnes Kiss, Eva Plosz
School: Berze Nagy János Highschool, Gyöngyös, Hungary


Gyöngyös International Folk dance Festival

Gyöngyös International Folk dance Festival was organized in our town in August this year. The organizers of this Festival have been the Mátra Cultural Center and the Vidrócky Folk dance group since 1994. This year the festival took place between 13 and 20 August in Gyöngyös. Among the members of the dance groups there were some twin towns' folk dance groups as well, for instance from town Losonc, Slovakia and from Kézdivásárhely, Romania. Besides there were groups from Italy, Spain, Greece, Turkey, Portugal, which gave outstanding programmes in the town. The were invited to the nearby villages for special programmes. The main programmes took place in the open-air stage of the town. Each group has an evening-long stage programme for the audience to show their own folk dance. They stayed in our town for a week, they had days off. During that time they tried to get more and more information about our country. There was a very interesting farewell parade in the town: The groups with their own flags went through the main streets of Gyöngyös and danced at some places. They wore their national costumes and had their own orchestra with musical instruments. They could make a lot of friends, get acquainted with each other's customs, songs and learnt different dances. At the farewell party each group received presents, Hungarian wine and a doll dressed in our national costume.
People didn't deal with politics during this festival, their common language was dance and mutual respect for each other's folklore.

Student: Gyula Toth
School: Berze Nagy János Highschool, Gyöngyös, Hungary

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